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> Aspartame is Harmful to Humans

a pyroclastic surge o' Love
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Member No.: 361

Posted: Mar 15 2005, 03:26 AM
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Hi PuPPsters,

After reading this thread it made me realise how corrupt the FDA suddenly became in the Reagan years, and the sinister role good ol' Rumsy played in this.

Here's an article from Nexus magazine about Stevia, an herbal sweetener. This article tells how it was dismissed and discredited by the FDA as an alternative, and economically viable substitute for sugar, aspartame and saccharine.

And I bet we can work out now who was behind this, Rumsy ?

It's easy to grow, wonderful as a sweetener, contains medicinal properties, is non-caloric, safe to cook with, and has great potential in agriculture. It's widely used in South America and Asia. So why isn't stevia a household name in the rest of the world?

Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is a herb native to Paraguay. It is also known as "honey yerba" and "honeyleaf" and by other variations of these names. The mature plant stands from around 65 centimetres (26 inches) to as tall as 180 cm (72 in) when cultivated or growing naturally in fertile soil. Historical records show that the leaves have been used for hundreds of years by the Guarani Indians, who named the plant caá-êhê. The main use was as a sweetener, particularly in their green tea, known as maté. It was also used in medicine or as a snack. Stevia's leaf is estimated to be 150 to 300 times sweeter than refined sugar.

M. S. Bertoni, in the late 1800s, was the first European to document stevia. In 1931, French chemists extracted stevioside from the herb in the form of an intensely sweet, white crystalline compound. The herb was then considered for use as a sweetener during the food shortages experienced by Britain during World War II. However, interest waned when sugar again became available.

Since this time, stevia has been used extensively in many Asian and South American countries, but the USA, Canada, Australia and Europe have not embraced the herb as a sweetener, opting either for sugar from readily available sugar cane or sugar beet, or for aspartame-based and other artificial sweeteners as a sugar substitute.

More than 150 varieties of stevia exist, but Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is the only sweet stevia plant. Carbohydrate-based compounds from the stevia leaf can be isolated to glycosides known as steviosides. Stevioside is a glycoside of the diterpene derivative steviol, and is a natural component of the plant. Stevioside is intensely sweet and is present at levels up to 13% in the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni. Rebaudiosides and dulcosides are other sweet chemical constituents of the plant that can be extracted.

Stevia, the FDA and Big Business
In the USA, stevia does not have "Generally Recognized As Safe" (GRAS) status for consumption, and is therefore "prohibited from use in human food" under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994. According to the Act, any food or drink containing stevia is an "adulterated" substance. However, while stevia may not be sold as a sweetener, it may be legally purchased and taken internally. In amongst all the contradiction and confusion, this means that stevia is available for human consumption--but only when classified as a dietary supplement or herb.

It has been suggested that stevia has not been granted GRAS status in the interests of Big Business. In the late 1980s, a trade complaint was registered with the FDA, as tea containing stevioside was being sold by Celestial Seasonings. The website has a copy of an FDA memorandum concerning the incident; it was obtained through the Freedom of Information Act, and complainant names (company name and legal representatives) were deleted by the FDA to protect the informant's identity.

In 1991, stevia was deemed unsafe and was banned from the USA completely. It was only legalised as a dietary supplement due to the changing of law with the introduction of the DSHEA.

According to a 1994 article by Rob McCaleb of the Herb Research Foundation, the FDA began visiting businesses selling stevia around 1987, saying it was an unapproved food additive. One FDA inspector reportedly told a company president that the manufacturer of NutraSweet® had made complaints to the FDA to try to stop the use of stevia.

After the 1991 Import Alert banning the importation of stevia into the USA, the Herb Research Foundation produced a review by Doug Kinghorn, PhD, on behalf of the American Herbal Products Association (AHPA). The peer-reviewed work concluded that stevia was safe, based on scientific evidence and historical use. The AHPA then filed a petition with the FDA to have stevia leaf exempted from food additive regulations. However, the FDA concluded that there was insufficient evidence to prove stevia's safety. McCaleb asserts that evidence required to establish stevia as a food is far more comprehensive than that required for artificial sweeteners such as aspartame.

Julian Whitaker, MD, believes that the FDA "has been after stevia since 1986, coincidental with the growing popularity of aspartame".

GD Searle and Company developed aspartame (now commonly marketed as NutraSweet®) by accident when creating an ulcer drug. Many health complaints have been reported about the negative health effects of aspartame, from headaches to tumours.

According to James S. Turner, lawyer and co-founder of the Aspartame Consumer Safety Network, Searle funded 100% of the safety studies undertaken from 1985 to 1995 which found aspartame to be safe. Apparently all studies not funded by industry raised questions. Information linking tumours to aspartame was dismissed by the then FDA Deputy Commissioner, who went on to become Vice President of Clinical Research for Searle.

According to another report by health author Gail Davis, a similar situation occurred in 1983 when aspartame was approved for use in soft drinks. The FDA Commissioner left soon afterwards to become a consultant for Searle's public relations firm.

GD Searle was bought by Monsanto in 1985 and then acquired in 2000 by J.W. Childs Equity Partners II LP. The company asserts that more than 200 objective studies have found NutraSweet to be safe and that these papers were reviewed by relevant regulatory authorities such as the FDA, etc. Neotame is the new sweetener to be marketed by the company. It is 40 times sweeter than NutraSweet and 8,000 times sweeter than sugar. [For more on aspartame, see feature articles in NEXUS 2/28, 3/01, 7/04 and 7/05.]

Stevia's Safe Historical Use
Many foods have not had to go through the process of being approved for GRAS status. Through historical use, it is assumed they are safe for human consumption. Supporters of stevia have put this argument forward to the FDA, but without success. contends that Celestial Seasonings was permitted to use stevia because the herb has had a long history of common use without adverse health effects. Furthermore, the 1991 Import Alert acknowledges stevia's use throughout history and is therefore an admission of its qualification as having GRAS status.

The American Herbal Products Association maintains that stevia is a food, as it has had a long history of food use, hence it should fall into the safe category.

Sunrider Corporation also tried this tack in 1995, stating that stevia was a "grandfathered" or "old" dietary ingredient, as it had been contained in their products before the DSHEA of 1994. However, this approach became problematic because the company had signed a consent decree in 1984 not to sell stevia, as "Sunrider decided it was not financially prudent to judicially contest this matter".

The Stevita Book-burning Saga
In 1998, the Stevita Company and the US FDA received considerable media attention after it was reported that the FDA had ordered the burning of books sold by Stevita. These contained information on the herb along with stevia recipes.

The website reported in July 1998 that Stevita had endeavoured to import stevia in 1987 as "Stevia Sweet", but the FDA ordered the labels changed so as not to imply the substance would be used as a sweetener. Later on that year, FDA agents visited the company's warehouse and took copies of three books sold on stevia.

FDA Dallas then detained a shipment of stevia at customs in February 1998, the reason later given that the shipment was contaminated because of the previously released literature. A March 6 letter regarding this matter reportedly stated that the literature "rendered the product adulterated".

The FDA took inventory at Stevita in April and May 1998, and Oscar Rodes agreed not to sell the books, as the hold-up was affecting business. "We had already been forced to let employees goÉwe have to eat," he said in the report. The FDA then arranged to come and take inventory, and stated in a fax that an investigator would "be available to witness the destruction of the cookbooks, literature and other publications". Rodes then notified the FDA agents on arrival that he would not destroy the books, but would videotape any actions by the FDA to do so.

Dr Julian Whitaker became involved when he had his attorney prepare a lawsuit to prevent destruction of the books. In his article on the subject, Whitaker makes a point about the power of the FDA by quoting from Tulane University professor James P. Carter's 1992 book, Racketeering in Medicine: The Suppression of Alternatives. Carter states: "The FDA serves as the pharmaceutical industry's watchdog, which can be called upon to attack and destroy a potential competitor under the guise of protecting the public."

The Aspartame Consumer Safety Network reported that in June 1998, James Kirkland--author of one of the banned books--attended a congressman's public meeting at which he displayed two books. One, written by himself, was on cooking with stevia, and the other book gave information on constructing home-made bombs. He held up the books and asked the rhetorical question, "Which of these publications is legal?"

Whitaker contends that Patricia and Oscar Rodes of Stevita were given poor legal advice, which led to their agreeing to stop selling their books. He says that James Lahar from the FDA mandated a book-burning when he and other agents confiscated the company's stevia, pressuring Stevita not to sell the books. Oscar Rodes called his local television station to attract public attention to his company's plight. FDA officers initialled and dated six books so they could not be sold.

Whitaker reported that the FDA backed down after his lawyer filed suit, advising that no books would need to be destroyed and that Whitaker may buy any of the books himself.

The story according to the FDA is quite different. After the public's attention was gained, FDA documentation is clearly above the District Office level. In a memo to file on April 9, 1999, FDA Acting Associate Commissioner for Regulatory Affairs, Gary J. Dykstra, maintained that FDA never ordered the books destroyed. Nevertheless, he acknowledged that an FDA letter of May 19, 1998, states that "a current inventory must be taken by an investigator of this office, who will also be available to witness destruction of the cookbooks, literature, and other publications for the purpose of verifying compliance". The memo also notes that "Neither Stevita nor its attorney, Ms Sarracino, had informed FDA that the company intended to destroy these materials". However, he goes on to state that "the District Office assumed that the company might choose to destroy them".

An October 26, 1998, letter from Dan Burton, Chairman of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, 105th Congress of the US House of Representatives, stated that the FDA had no authority from Congress to be available to witness the destruction of books. Furthermore, it would be more appropriate under the First Amendment "to refuse to be a party to the destruction of the books". Burton adds that FDA's May 19 letter was "grossly inappropriateÉ(regardless of whether the company agreed to allow the agency to violates [sic] its First Amendment rights)".

Oscar Rodes denies he chose to destroy the books. As reported on, Rodes refuted the FDA claim by stating: "That's absurd. I don't want to destroy my own books! How would I ever recover the cost?"

FDA investigators also requested a copy of The Stevia Story: A Tale of Incredible Sweetness and Intrigue, by Linda Bonvie, Bill Bonvie and Donna Gates. This created a stir, as the book was published independently of Stevita, though it was available for sale through the company. Furthermore, the book questions FDA's treatment of stevia. Eventually, no action was taken regarding this item. As the FDA stated, "the book did not mention Stevita or its products and the agency had no interest in the book".

Books considered problematic by the FDA included Cooking with Stevia, by James Kirkland, and The Natural Choice, by Kay Randall (also known as Patricia Rodes). Both persons were involved in managing Stevita Company. Dallas District Office informed the firm's lawyers by telephone on May 27, 1998, that "literature or publications that promote Stevita stevia products for use as a conventional food and that are marketed with or displayed with those products cause the products to be adulterated as an unapproved food additive".

The agency also noted in correspondence on June 8, 1998, regarding books, that "FDA had advised Mr Rodes that he should take care not to use them to stimulate sales of Stevita brand stevia, as that could cause them to be labeling [sic] under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act".

Cooking with Stevia was the book that an FDA official dated and initialled so it could not be sold. This action was taken on six copies of the book. Whitaker's attorneys, Emord and Associates, noted the action in their letter of June 8, 1998, when they accused the FDA of acting unlawfully under the United States Constitution. After a mix-up over the amount of books defiled, Emord and Associates wrote that the "material point is not the number of books defiled, but that the agents defiled any of the books". Dan Burton's letter to the FDA makes a similar point, stating that "FDA has no authority from Congress to issue an enforcement letter that provides for the use of FDA officers to take a 'current inventory' of a dietary supplement company's books"

The FDA responded to claims of its acting inappropriately regarding the destruction of books by stating that it had "acted within its authority under the FD&C Act and the requirements of the First Amendment". However, FDA revised its Compliance Policy Guide "to provide further guidance regarding the disposition of books and other printed materials that serve as labeling".

This was due to the petition submitted on behalf of Julian M. Whitaker and also David Dean Richard, an author of one of the books called into question. Richard stated in an affidavit that he lost sales of his book due to the FDA's actions of June 1998. Under FDA guidelines, labelling can include "a book, reference publication, or a reprint or copy of a scientific journal article".

Whether or not FDA maintains its position and stevia remains illegal as a food or food additive, it is still available as a food supplement, therefore the end result is the same: humans ingest it, anyway.

Chairman of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, Dan Burton, noted this inconsistency in his letter to the FDA: "I find the agency's treatment of stevia baffling (it is safe as a dietary supplement but unsafe as a food additive?)É"

Stevia Safety Studies
Various concerns have been expressed over the safety of stevia. Many countries have claimed their reason for not considering stevia for consumption is the lack of conclusive proof of its safety.

In a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) report on stevioside, it is noted that in rats, stevioside "is not readily absorbed from the upper intestine but is hydrolysed to the aglycone, steviol, before absorption from the gut." The effects of steviol on the body are not completely known, but it may be a problem because animal studies are contradictory. It was found that steviol: "exhibited greater acute toxicity than stevioside in hamsters but not in rats. Steviol was clearly genotoxic [DNA damaging] after metabolic activation, inducing forward mutations in bacteria and gene mutations and chromosomal aberrations in lung fibroblasts of Chinese hamsters." This may sound frightening, but the amount given to animals during testing of such substances can be up to 1,500 times any daily amount relative to body weight that a human would ingest.

The Committee also noted that the material tested "was poorly specified or of variable quality", not necessarily representative of the commercial product, and that "no studies of metabolism of stevioside and steviol in humans were available". Due to these considerations, the Committee concluded that it could not give stevia an Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) rating.

The Scientific Committee on Food (SCF) for the European Commission, in its "Opinion on Stevioside as a Sweetener" adopted on June 19, 1999, came to the conclusion that, "of the specific stevioside preparation for which approval is sought", "the substance is not acceptable as a sweetener on the presently available data". Its position was similar to that of JECFA, including its concerns due to "questionable chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity studies, and possible effects on the male reproductive system that could affect fertility".

The study most commonly referred to when raising contraceptive concerns over stevia was undertaken in 1968, Professor Joseph Kuc of Purdue University, Indiana, being the principal researcher. reports that the study was carried out on rats, after it had been alleged that South American women used the herb for contraception. Kuc acknowledges that the findings may not be applicable to humans, but believes his methods were sound. The website quotes from The Stevia Story (Bonvie, Bonvie and Gates) and states that the rats in the study were given very high concentrations of stevia--and "Ématerial from the stevia plant that would not ordinarily be consumed. This liquid replaced the animals' drinking water, and was given at such a rate as to equate with a person drinking 2.5 quarts [approximately 2.8 L] of liquid in less than half an hour". Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada reported that further "studies conducted to confirm this result have all been negative".

The Lipton petition, an application to the FDA to use stevia in its products, is also quoted, making the point that "if this reproductive effect in rats is real and can be extrapolated to humans, then one might suspect that there would be very few children in some regions of Paraguay".

Two separate Thai studies have found that reproduction in rats and hamsters is not affected by stevia. A study published in 1991, from Chulalongkorn University Primate Research Centre in Bangkok, found that "stevioside at a dose as high as 2.5g/kg body wt/day affects neither growth nor reproduction in hamsters". Chiang Mai University researchers had work published in 2000 regarding a study of rats being fed aqueous extracts of stevia and other plants. The findings stated that "all the investigated plant extracts have no toxic effect on male rat reproduction and progeny outcome".

However, a University of São Paulo, Brazil, study published in 1999 came up with different findings when "chronic administration" of stevia showed that "Stevia extracts may decrease the fertility of male rats".

Lack of detailed studies seems to be a problem where stevia safety is concerned. The SCF's "Opinion on Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni plants and leaves", adopted on 17 June 1999, evaluates the herb as a novel food and concludes that "no appropriate data were presented to enable the safety of the commercial plant product to be evaluated"--perhaps because the applicant just didn't supply enough information. SCF also notes that there was "no satisfactory data to support the safe use of these products as ingredients of food or as sucrose substitute for diabetics and obese individuals".

Professor Mauro Alvarez's work was referenced in the SCF's opinion and has been used by the FDA to raise doubt regarding the safety of stevia. Alvarez takes exception to his work being used out of context, particularly by the FDA in the past. A letter expressing his frustration is posted at, where he states, "I can assure that our conclusions in these various studies indicate that Stevia is safe for human consumption as per intended usage, that is, as a sweetener".

A common argument put forward by stevia supporters regarding the safety of stevia is that it has widespread usage in South America and many Asian countries including China, Korea and Japan.

A Success Record in Asia
Stevia is widely used throughout the Asian region. It has been considered safe for use in food for many years. In fact, the situation is quite the reverse of that in the USA, Canada, Europe and Australia. Many artificial sweeteners such as aspartame are illegal in Asian countries because of safety concerns. Companies using substances like aspartame in the USA, etc., are using stevia in Asia.

In Japan, companies like Sunkist and Nestlé use stevia as a sweetener. Coca-Cola uses stevia in Japan for its Diet Coke, as the herb is non-caloric. A combined Australian university/government report states that "Japan is by far the most advanced country in the use and understanding of Stevia in its application in the food and pharmaceutical industries". At present, the stevia industry in Japan is endeavouring to obtain Codex Alimentarius approval of steviosides. Interestingly, there have been no unfavourable health reports regarding stevia in Japan in the past 30 years.

China has been using stevia since 1985. Shanghai City's Director of the Health Supervisory Institute was quoted in the Shanghai Star as saying, "over the past 17 years there hasn't been any documented case of the sweetener causing ill effects".

Stevia's Positive Health EffectsStudies have found some positive effects and possible medical uses of stevia. A University of Illinois, College of Dentistry paper, published in 1992, found that stevioside, though an intense natural sweetener, is not cariogenic, according to their data. A Japanese study from Nihon University, published in late 2002, revealed that the use of stevioside on skin tumours in mice inhibited the promoting effect of chemically induced inflammation.

Taiwanese studies showed the possibility of stevia's use for blood pressure regulation. A study undertaken on rats at Taipei Medical University, and published in 2002, showed that stevioside lowered blood pressure. The other study, published in 2000, was undertaken on humans by Taipei Medical College and concluded that "oral stevioside is a well-tolerated and effective modality that may be considered as an alternative or supplementary therapy for patients with hypertension".

Two recent studies by Jeppesen et al., from Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark, have found after tests on rats and mice that stevioside could have potential in the treatment of type-2 diabetes.

Natural therapists have been using stevia for many years to regulate blood sugar levels. According to a June 28, 2002, report on Australia's national broadcaster ABC ( ), the herb can be taken in droplet form with meals, bringing blood glucose levels to "near normal".

Users of stevia have also reported lower incidence of colds and flu. The herb can aid in weight loss by reducing appetite and can be used to suppress tobacco and alcohol cravings. Stevia leaf also contains various vitamins and minerals including vitamins A and C, zinc, rutin, magnesium and iron.

Stevia has been used in South America for years as a treatment for diabetes. It has also been suggested that it can aid people to get off insulin. It has been used topically on skin cancers and to treat candidiasis.

The website also espouses stevia's use for skin care. It can be applied to enhance the skin's appearance or to heal acne and other blemishes and skin disorders including dermatitis, eczema and seborrhoea. The website also reports that stevia can be used to heal cuts and scratches quickly and without scarring.

Brian Morley is a natural therapist with a biochemistry background, working in Brisbane, Australia. Morley uses stevia on patients as he says it "assists the liver in controlling blood sugar levels in the body". He says that refined sugar has a negative effect on the liver and can cause chronic fatigue and immune deficiency syndrome. Combined with bilberry, stevia can also aid sugar cravings. Morley uses stevia in a "nectar form" that has been vacuum distilled, nitrogen dried and crystallised so as not to destroy any goodness.

Stevia's Uses in Food Preparation
Stevioside is suitable for cooking purposes as it is heat stable, unlike artificial sweeteners such as aspartame. However, it is unsuitable for certain confectionary such as fudge or icing as it lacks bulk.

Stevia is used in Japan to sweeten soy sauce, pickles and soft drinks. Brazil almost followed suit in 1988 when the Minister for Health proposed that only stevia should be allowed for sweetening diet drinks.

However, Big Business opposed the idea, according to a report in Earth Island Journal (Northern Winter 1997-98 issue). Apparently Monsanto had made a substantial financial commitment in the construction of a NutraSweet plant in São Paulo. It was then agreed that manufacturers would undertake studies by 1989 to incorporate stevia. However, nothing further was heard regarding the matter.

Stevia's Potential in Agriculture and Healthcare
One of the advantages of stevia is that it can be grown almost anywhere. Its native conditions are sub-tropical, but it has been grown in areas as far north as St Petersburg (60°N). The herb also grows well in tropical areas.

Stevia seedlings can be purchased from nurseries. The plant has the added bonus of having certain insecticidal properties; for example, it is aphid resistant.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada notes that "Stevia represents a new opportunity for researchers and farmers alike", but that more information is required to "optimize annual transplant production for Canada".

Stevia could be utilised to benefit research, as "production of remarkably high levels of one class of secondary metabolite is of significant interest for chemists, biochemists and geneticists and may prove to be a foundation for the production of new metabolites in the future". It also noted that because of safety concerns surrounding stevia, "there is clear need for further experimentation with respect to the metabolic fate of steviol glycosides".

Stevioside is not legal in Canada, and the only legal way of obtaining stevia is by purchasing it as a herb. In Australia and New Zealand, the situation according to Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) is that stevia leaf may be sold as a food. However, extractable components of the plant, such as stevioside, are not legal.

The Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation (RIRDC) was set up by the Australian government "to work closely with Australian rural industries on the organisation and funding of their R&D needs". Professor David Midmore and Andrew Rank put together a report for RIRDC in 2002 on the possibility of "A new rural industry--Stevia--to replace imported chemical sweeteners". The study was jointly funded by RIRDC and Central Queensland University.

The report refers to Canadian researchers' findings that 50 hectares of stevia could produce sweetener equivalent to one million dollars' worth of sugar. This "in Australia would require 240 hectares of cane to grow, i.e., productivity in terms of sweetness equivalent per hectare is high". It notes it will be necessary to "develop production and processing practices that result in acceptable financial returns to growers" yet a competitively priced end-product.

Environmental considerations are also positive in regard to stevia as an industry in a dry continent like Australia. Primary producers could benefit because the crop would offer "greater diversification opportunity and returns per megalitre of irrigation water". Insects do not appear to be of concern to stevia. There are some possible diseases "which do not appear to be a major problem", according to the report, and "spraying for control is sometimes undertaken".

David Midmore says that Australia is ready for stevia. "The time is right for large-scale production, provided we can ensure that production practices are suitable (e.g., mechanical harvesting) and that it will be grown in the correct locations (weather-wise)."

According to the report, it is expected that "consumer demand for natural sweeteners will escalate" as Australians become more health conscious and as "the incidence of diabetes in Australia and abroad" grows. It is also suggested that stevia could be marketed "in conjunction with sugar" to produce low-calorie products.

However, input from other organisations and agencies will be required to ascertain if "the constraints to production and acceptance of steviosides will be manageable in the near (2-3-year) future".

Currently there is an application with FSANZ for consideration of stevia as a sweetener, and according to Professor Midmore a decision "should be announced by FSANZ in a short while". A possible obstacle to the FSANZ acceptance of stevia could be the same concern expressed by JECFA: that the breakdown of stevioside into steviol can exhibit some toxic and mutagenic activity. However, David Midmore stresses that "such breakdown is not known to happen in situ in the human body".

A Sweet Future for Stevia
Stevia has had a long history of use as a natural sweetener and a medicinal aid. It is heat stable, non-caloric and can be used by diabetics.

However, the US FDA has had a questionable relationship with the herb, and issues have been raised over the safety of the stevioside extract. Yet, no adverse health effects have ever been reported or documented, including in Asia where the herb is used extensively as a sweetener. Stevia shows great potential for the future, in agriculture and as a food.


About the Author:
Jenny Hawke has a Bachelor of Arts in Communication and is on staff at the NEXUS head office in Australia. Her article, "Uncovering the Facts on Toxic Carpet", was published in NEXUS 9/06.



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a pyroclastic surge o' Love
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Member No.: 361

Posted: Mar 19 2005, 03:32 AM
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Hoy PuPP, just wondering if you wanted me to edit the above post to make it more digestable.

I think it's important info that relates to the aspartame 'crime' but I could trim it down to the pertinent points


Don't be flummoxed into the fear pinkelephant.gif

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Posted: Mar 19 2005, 08:09 AM
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Good morning everybody! This is a subject near and dear to my heart. All of the input can only educate us the more. Now, seeing what these ugly sweeteners, along with MSG, do to us and our kids, I suggest that the drug companies took advantage of the hyper-activity (seeing that Rumsfeld is more powerful than the FDA), as witnessed in our kids, nervousness and depression, so that they now market lots of antidepressants like Ritalin for the kiddies, and other drugs for the adults to suppress depression caused by anxieties.

Here are snippets that are taken from the same article, although from a different source that I posted back in August, but lest we forget...! I would like to know what happened to the lawsuit against the listed companies.


2004-04-07 | SACRAMENTO, California: Lawsuits were
filed in three separate California courts against twelve
companies who either produce or use the artificial
sweetener aspartame as a sugar substitute in their
products. The suits were filed in Shasta, Sonoma and
Butte County, California, yesterday.

The suits allege that the food companies committed
fraud and breach of warranty by marketing products to the
public such as diet Coke, diet Pepsi, sugar free gum,
Flintstone's vitamins, yogurt and children's aspirin with the
full knowledge that aspartame, the sweetener in them, is

Aspartame causes headache, memory loss, seizures,
vision loss, coma and cancer. It worsens or mimics the
symptoms of such diseases and conditions as fibromyalgia,
MS, lupus, ADD, diabetes, Alzheimer's, chronic fatigue and

Recent news is full of reports of world-class athletes and
other healthy consumers of aspartame suddenly dropping
dead. Sudden death can occur from aspartame use
because it damages the cardiac conduction system.

Dr. Woodrow Monte in the peer reviewed journal, Aspartame:
Methanol and the Public Health, wrote: "When diet sodas
and soft drinks, sweetened with aspartame, are used to
replace fluid loss during exercise and physical exertion in hot
climates, the intake of methanol can exceed 250 mg/day or
32 times the Environmental Protection Agency's recommended limit of
consumption for this cumulative poison."

This is only the tip of the iceberg. H. J. Roberts, MD,
published the medical text “Aspartame Disease: An Ignored
Epidemic” - 1,000 pages of symptoms and diseases triggered
by this neurotoxin, including the sordid history of its approval.

Neurosurgeon Russell Blaylock, MD, author of "Excitotoxins:
The Taste That Kills" ( )
wrote about the relationship between aspartame and macular
degeneration, diabetic blindness and glaucoma (all known to
result from excitotoxin accumulation in the retina).

In original studies, aspartame has triggered brain, mammary,
uterine, ovarian, testicular, thyroid and pancreatic tumors.

Defendants in the lawsuits include Coca-cola, PepsiCo,
Bayer Corp., the Dannon Company, William Wrigley Jr.
Company, ConAgra Foods, Wyeth, Inc., The NutraSweet
Company, and Altria Corp. (parent company of Kraft Foods
and Philip Morris).


(If this doesn't post right, will you please do some editing, PuPP? Outlook Express e-mails aren't wrapping around and editing is a job.)


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Posted: Mar 19 2005, 10:06 AM
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Hoy Ganesh, yeah, the post is quite long. The author does an overkill.

But it has some real good facts.

Stevia, which is safe, is banned; while Aspartame, which is harmful, is approved.

Hey BJ, thanks for the additional info.

"Ye shall know them by their fruits"
~ Matthew 7:16

"Believe nothing. No matter where you read it, or who said it, even if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense."
~ Buddha
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Posted: Mar 20 2005, 11:57 AM
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i just got this in the mail
and will research later


Is neotame just another form of aspartame? I’m afraid so. Neotame is a modified
version of aspartame, containing all the same elements found in aspartame and
more: the amino acids L-aspartic acid and L-phenylalanine, plus two organic
groups, one known as a methyl ester group and the other as a neohexyl group.
Joined together, these components equal 8,000 teaspoons of sugar.

At 7,000 to 13,000 times sweeter than sugar, neotame is the most potent
sweetener marketed today. Neotame has changed hands from its original patent
holder Monsanto Chemical Company, to The NutraSweet Co., to J. W. Childs
Partnership, and now to Pharmacia. Like aspartame, neotame is a very potent and
questionable compound, but it does not have to carry the PKU warning, as
aspartame is required by law to do, so its addition to all products goes without <

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Posted: May 27 2005, 01:06 PM
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UK Sweetener Co Admits Sucralose (Splenda) Is Synthetic
By Dr. Betty Martini
Mission Possible International

"Aspartame has come under a lot of pressure in recent times of having a negative image in health circles even though it has undergone many studies supporting its safe use in foods. There will be more pressure on it as the new sweetener sucralose makes in roads. Its saving grace will be economic as it is much more cost effective. Marketing strategies may be looking to move it out in favour of Sucralose."
About Sucralose they say: "The new sweetener gaining much news and interest from the market. It is PROMOTED AS BEING MADE FROM SUGAR, and tastes like sugar.


However, despite its high price it is gaining popularity in marketing circles who want to be seen taking steps TO MOVE ASPARTAME OUT OF PRODUCTS."
Indeed, confession is good for the soul. What they don't say is sucralose has a chlorinated base like DDT and can cause autoimmune disease. The research is on,, and
We are already getting complaints on health problems from sucralose.

Also, you have to remember that aspartame being a chemical hypersensitization agent, as well as a neurotoxic drug, not only interacts with other drugs, especially those used to treat the problems it causes, but also with toxins which is all some of these so-called other sweeteners are. Don't forget they outlawed DDT.
Aspartame, of course, has been shown to be a deadly neurotoxic drug with 92% of scientific peer reviewed studies showing the problems. If you eliminated one pro-industry summary and 6 studies the FDA had something to do with because of their loyalty to industry, 100% of independent scientific peer reviewed studies show the problems. This research is on by Ralph Walton, M.D.
There is already a medical text on the global plague, Aspartame Disease: An Ignored Epidemic, by H. J. Roberts, M.D., or 1 800 827 7991.
Neurosurgeon Russell Blaylock, M.D., wrote about aspartame, and MSG, Excitootxins: The Taste That Kills,
These physicians also have other books on the subject. Original studies by the manufacturer of aspartame were the target of an indictment for fraud, rather than showing safety. Both U.S. Prosecutors hired on with the defense team of the manufacturer and the statute of limitations expired. For 16 years no FDA Commissioner would approve aspartame because it was never proven safe and in original studies triggered brain, mammary, uterine, ovarian, testicular,pancreatic and thyroid tumors - for starters, as well as grand mal seizures.

CEO Don Rumsfeld, now Secretary of Defense, said he would call in his markers and get it approved anyway, as documented in the 8 month investigation of aspartame by United Press International ( and in the congressional record.
Unfortunately, Rumsfeld was on President Reagan's transition team and the day after he took office appointed an FDA Commissioner who would approve this toxin. The FDA set up a Board of Inquiry and said to revoke the petition for approval that aspartame had not been proven safe and had caused brain tumors.

Dr. Arthur Hull Hayes over-ruled the Board of Inquiry and then went to work for the PR Agency of the manufacturer, and has refused to talk to the press ever since. You can get a copy of the entire Board of Inquiry report on on CD. The summation is on along with industry's flawed research.
Along with these confessions from Scaansweet is: "It can be shown that all intense sweeteners have problems when trying to emulate the gold standard of sweetness, sugar. At least God made sugar. Chemical sweeteners are good for nobody. Diabetics can use Stevia which is a safe herb and has been used in Brazil for thousands of years as a sweetener, especially for diabetics because it helps in the metabolism of sugar.
Aspartame (Canderel, E951,Equal, Spoonful, NutraSweet, etc.) actually can precipitate diabetes, aggravates and simulates diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy, keeps blood sugar out of control, can cause diabetics to go into convulsions and interacts with insulin.

Aspartame not only has caused an epidemic of diabetes but also of obesity since it is a drug that makes you crave carbohydrates so you gain weight. (See protest of National Soft Drink Assn on DORway, very end)

Also the formaldehyde converted from the methanol has been shown to accumulate in the cells and damage DNA with most toxicity in the liver but substantial amounts in the kidneys, adipose tissue (fat cells), brain and retina, on the Trocho Study. So when you see somebody with heavy hips and thighs they just may be on aspartame. If you want to get fat, NutraSweet is where it's at.
As the epidemics of obesity and diabetes rage the word is out that aspartame is the cause. The negative publicity showing the real facts about aspartame is, indeed, out, as confessed by Scaansweet. The manufacturers cannot put out the fire no matter how much they lie. And because of the depletion of serotonin it is triggering manic depression (bipolar), insomnia, suicidal tendencies, mood swings, panic attacks, anxiety, hallucinations, etc., and interacts with all anti-depressants. Aspartame triggers behavioral and psychiatric problems. Look what they've done to our kids.
Dr. Betty Martini
Founder, Mission Possible International
9270 River Club Parkway
Duluth, Georgia 30097

"Ye shall know them by their fruits"
~ Matthew 7:16

"Believe nothing. No matter where you read it, or who said it, even if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense."
~ Buddha
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Posted: May 30 2005, 07:13 AM
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Aspartame linked to blindness now too.

Aspartame Triggers
Impotence & Blindness
ABC Reports today the FDA is looking into blindness-ED Drug Link.
From Dr. Betty Martini, D.Hum.

FDA doesn't have far to look. Change in sexual function is listed on the FDA report of 92 symptoms by aspartame. Vision loss and blindness is so commonly triggered by aspartame its #6 on the list.

You don't have to be a rocket scientist to understand when you put a drug on the market (masquerading as an additive) that liberates free methyl alcohol it inevitably affects vision. In aspartame the methanol converts to formaldehyde and formic acid in the retina of the eye and destroys the optic nerve. Remember how many thousands went blind and died during prohibition because of the use of wood alcohol/methanol. So many went blind on aspartame and had seizures that in l986 the Community Nutrition Institute in l986 petitioned the FDA to ban aspartame. The FDA, handmaiden of the drug/chemical industry, refused.

Focus RP Magazine published the article: What's Blinding the World? exposing aspartame's blinding effect. Aspartame also triggers optic neuritis and macular degeneration, among other eye problems.

The late Dr. Morgan Raiford, ophthalmologist, specialist in methanol toxicity and owner of the Atlanta Eye Hospital wrote many papers exposing aspartame's effect on the eyes: This letter is to Shannon Roth who went blind in one eye from aspartame:

Dr. Raiford also wrote this paper on aspartame's effect on the eyes:


"The above product is also manufactured as NutraSweet. This pharmological
spin-off is a highly profitable item, with a growing market. These
products are used as a sweetener, some 200 times as sweet as regular cane

"This product has some highly toxic reactions in the human visual pathway and we are beginning to observe the tragic damage to the OPTIC NERVE, such as blindness, partial to total OPTIC NERVE ATROPHY. Once this destructive process has developed there is no return of visual restoration. We are beginning to see and observe another toxic reaction which affects the central nervous system which is related to PHENYLALANINE LEVELS IN THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. These observations are more vague, however, it stimulates the damaging to the brain and central nervous system, having the manifestations as PKU NEURO DAMAGE. Over 3000 cases have been reported and the FDA to date has ignored this existence.


" The human visual pathway admits ninety percent of our intellectual input to the brain and central nervous. All of the learning processes are centered during ones life time. The mechanism of this tragic damage to the human visual system from this product is and has been known for over a decade that visual loss takes place. When this drug enters the digestive tract, largely the upper portion, this ASPARTAME molecule spins off a by product known as METHANOL or METHYL-ALCOHOL. This product enters the blood stream and when these portions reach the highly metabolic region of the OPTIC NERVE AND RETINA, PARTIAL ATROPHY CAN AND DOES TAKE PLACE. The vision cannot do without oxygen and nutrition for more than ninety seconds without revealing some damage. Total loss of vision is present and there is no return. In the very early stages in which is referred to as the "wet stager", treatment can be given and will reserve the destructive pathology to the OPTIC NERVE and RETINA. This must be in the mind of the physician and he must understand the chemical ongoing process. The writer has seen many cases where the patient was allowed to go to the degrees of blindness, as this diagnosis of OPTIC NEURITIS was rendered, as the term IDIOPATHIC NEURITIS OF OPTIC NERVE was given, usually steroids until systemic gross body and facial moon developed. This therapy has demonstrated the total lack of understanding of the basic lack of BIO-CHEMICAL PHYSIOLOGY AT THE MOLECULAR LEVEL.

"The variability or onset of the OPTIC NERVE ATROPHY is of a type that one
must first think of this pathology, and it requires a certain amount of
listening to the patient. The quantity of symptoms vary with each patient.

"Over the past year the writer has observed the fact that any portion of the central nervous system can and is affected. Since the chemical PHENYLALANINE is mixed up with some metabolic mess, we have seen symptoms of varying hue in the extremities, sensations of dullness of the intellect, visual shadows, evidence of word structure reversing and some
hearing impairment is noted by the individual. This can and will in time cause problems in learning. The medical community must alert itself that we have a problem that has surfaced due to the factor of the drug industry. Parents must be alerted to the side reactions of this toxic product and its reactions."

Morgan B. Raiford, M.D. D.Sc (Med) OPHTHALMOLOGY

Dr. Raiford's analysis was written in l987 and the cases of aspartame disease continue to multiply. Joyce Wilson, who went blind and died on aspartame in l990 had over 10,000 cases on her hotline. During congressional hearings it was admitted that the FDA was so flooded with aspartame complaints they were referring them to the AIDS Hotline to get rid of them. Mission Possible Intl has operations in 50 states and over 25 countries taking these complaints. FDA not only does nothing about it but serves above the law. I wrote a Citizens Petition for ban 3 years ago. The law requires 180 days to answer but they refuse. Their only letter said they had more important priorities. So people go blind and die from a global aspartame disease plague.

The medical text is Aspartame Disease: An Ignored Epidemic, or 1 800 827 7991. Over 1000 pages of symptoms, diseases and drug interactions triggered by this deadly poison. Aspartame is marketed as NutraSweet, Equal, Spoonful, Canderel, E951, etc. It features an extensive chapter on aspartame and vision!

Aspartame also damages the hypothalamus of the brain and mitochondria and triggers male sexual dysfunction. It is being used by 70% of the population. It also ruins female response. We are spammed daily by ads for Viagra and Cialis because NutraSweet kills passion and performance.

Dr. James Bowen explains how aspartame triggers male sexual dysfunction:

The ABC article stresses that risk factors include diabetes and heart disease. Aspartame no doubt has caused an epidemic of diabetes because it can precipitate it as discussed in Dr. Roberts medical text. It also aggravates and simulates diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy. It causes diabetics to go into convulsions and interacts with insulin. And who do the manufacturers and the professional organizations like the American Diabetes Assn funded by the manufacturers push aspartame on but diabetics. And the ADA knows without a shadow of a doubt how aspartame is destroying diabetics.

We give out information at the ADA walks, sponsored in part by Equal. Aspartame also is escalating Alzheimers (Memory loss #9 on the FDA report of 92 documented symptoms) and reports say 65% of diabetics develop now Alzheimers. Defense Against Alzheimers Disease by H. J. Roberts MD,

Aspartame also triggers an irregular heart rhythm and interacts with all cardiac Rx. It damages the cardiac conduction system causing sudden death. Russell Blaylock, M.D., author of Excitotoxins: The Taste That Kills about aspartame ( wrote an Athlete Alert on Sudden Cardiac Death. There are several articles about this on click on aspartame. Dr. Blaylock's report: This report also goes into MSG which has a synergistic and additive effect with aspartame and is another an excitotoxin.

The entire family can be destroyed by aspartame. It is an endocrine disrupting drug which stimulates prolactin. It changes the menses and triggers infertility. A Japanese Study some years ago also showed that aspartame triggers infertility in the male. It destroys the sex life of husband and wife. If a woman gets off of aspartame and gets pregnant, it's an abortifacient and many times she will lose the baby before she knows she is pregnant. If she carries it aspartame is a teratogen and triggers birth defects and mental retardation. If a live child is born it may have heinously damaged the DNA for generations to come. Children all over the world are suffering from ADD and ADHD and behavioral problems triggered by this deadly chemical poison.

You may ask how could the FDA approve aspartame. Don't fail to get a copy of the aspartame documentary Sweet Misery: A Poisoned World, See and hear James Turner, Atty, who with Dr. John Olney, tried to prevent approval of this neurotoxin. He explains how Don Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense, at the time CEO of Searle, called in his markers to get it approved after the FDA for 16 years refused to allow it on the market. Aspartame approval was by political clout and not science.

Ask the FDA why a neurotoxic drug that liberates free methyl alcohol is on the market, since methanol is classified as a narcotic. Aspartame causes chronic methanol poisoning which affects the dopamine system of the brain and produces addiction.

Pilots are having grand mal seizures in the cockpits of commercial airliners. Five American Pilots who were using aspartame have died including one in flight drinking a diet pop. The FAA says they can't do a thing because it was approved by the FDA. Remember the saying "your life is in the hands of the pilot"! Read this report by Dr. Blaylock and decide whether you want your pilot going blind, having a grand mal seizure, suffering brain fog or dying:

The FDA knows in original studies aspartame triggered brain tumors. The molecule breaks down to diketopiperazine, a brain tumor agent. We are now taking case histories of those with aspartame brain tumors in New York, New Jersey, Madison County, Illinois and Mississippi for litigation.

We are, indeed, living in a poisoned world. The plague of aspartame disease is global, and FDA turns a blind eye and a deaf ear. We need everyone's help to alert the public and make the FDA and the manufacturers responsible for this heinous crime of mass poisoning, genocide. With so much of the population on aspartame no doubt this is the reason for the epidemic of impotence. And while they are on aspartame they use drugs to combat impotence from this poison, and go blind.

Dr. Betty Martini, Founder, Mission Possible Intl, 9270 River Club Parkway, Duluth, Georgia 30097 770 242-2599 and
Aspartame Toxicity Center,

24 page booklets on aspartame for distribution can be obtained from the Idaho Observer ( called the Artificially Sweetened Times.

CD of Congressional hearings, Board of Inquiry Report revoking petition for aspartame, and Dr. John Olney's testimony to the Board of Inquiry can be obtained from Bob Flint, Mission Possible Maine,


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Posted: Mar 31 2006, 05:09 PM
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While doing a little research I found the Aspartame Site.
The site is created by a manufacturer of Aspartame, so of course they claim it is safe.

My advice is to never trust the word of anyone who profits from a product that may not be safe.

Aspartame Products As A Potential Danger To Infants, Children & Future Generations
By Dr. H. J. Roberts, MD, FACP, FCCP
Director - Palm Beach Institute For Medical Research
The chemicals we ingest may affect more than our own health. They affect the health and vitality of future generations. The danger is that many of these chemicals may not harm us but will do silent violence to our children. Senator Abraham S. Ribicoff (1971)

I have studied the numerous adverse effects of products containing the chemical aspartame for a quarter century as a corporate-neutral physician (Board-certified internist; member of the Endocrine Society and American Academy of Neurology). I encompassed them as "aspartame disease" in my large text published in 2001. They have been detailed in the articles, letters and books listed below.

The prime motive for this ongoing effort was the apparent enormous toll in illness, disability and death attributable to aspartame disease and failure of the medical profession and many governmental and other public health agencies to concern themselves with this ignored epidemic. The fact that over two-thirds of adults in our society consume aspartame products, and approximately 40 percent of children, often in prodigious amounts, provides perspective.

Perhaps the most grievous aspect pertains to the damage that these products can induce in infants and children.
Moreover, aspartame could affect subsequent generations borne to mothers who were misled about the safety of this and related chemicals. Indeed, some who regard the widespread promotion of aspartame products to these groups as "crimes against humanity" have urged the banning of aspartame products as an imminent health threat.

"Remember your first taste of aspartame?"
user posted image
Image retrieved from here and added by PuPP

A case in point is the full page ad that appeared in Function Foods & Nutraceuticals (November 2004) titled, "Remember your first taste of aspartame?", depicting an infant feeding at its mother's breast. It noted that the chief ingredients of aspartame are two building blocks of protein " just like those founds in eggs, fruit cheese or fish and even in mothers, milk."

In my January 2005 objection to the U.S. Federal Trade Commission about such perceived deceptive advertising in "a material respect", I listed the following reasons:
"(1) omission of other major components of aspartame, especially the 10% ­­­­­free methyl alcohol (methanol),
(2) the profound adverse effects of the large amounts of its two building blocks of protein, on neurotransmitters and other important systems, and
(3) the absence of any references to the terrible reactions induced by aspartame products in numerous infants and children."

Aspartame Disease in Infants and Children

The manifestations of aspartame disease in young children are legion and continue to be unraveled. They include severe headache, convulsions, unexplained visual loss, rashes, asthma, gastrointestinal problems, obesity, marked weight loss, hypoglycemia, diabetes, addiction (probably largely due to the methyl alcohol), hyperthyroidism, and a host of neuropsychiatric features. The latter include extreme fatigue, irritability, hyperactivity, depression, antisocial behavior (including suicide), poor school performance, the deterioration of intelligence, and brain tumors.

Each of these disorders and the underlying mechanisms is detailed in my books, especially Aspartame Disease: An Ignored Epidemic. They tend to be magnified in patients with unrecognized hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid), hypoglycemia (low blood sugar reactions), diabetes and phenylketonuria (PKU). Persons with PKU lack the enzyme needed for handling phenylalanine, one of the amino acids.
(Its dramatic increase in the body can cause severe neurological and other damage if aspartame abstinence and other dietary precautions are not instituted.)

It is my further opinion that exposure to aspartame products and other neurotoxins may initiate or aggravate changes in the nervous system that result in multiple sclerosis, parkinsonism, and Alzheimer,s disease. The latter issue is detailed in my book, Defense Against Alzheimer,s Disease.

Pregnant Women and Nursing Mothers

I continue to urge ALL pregnant women and mothers who breast-feed to avoid aspartame products advice that many of my obstetric colleagues have adopted. This caution has been dramatically demonstrated by the occurrence of convulsions in suckling infants as the mother drank an aspartame soda. The scientific grounds for the foregoing continue to increase. They include:

* exposure of the fetus to considerable phenylalanine and methanol * maternal malnutrition associated with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and a reduction of calories * transmission of aspartame and its breakdown components via the mother's milk * the increased "allergic load," thereby risking future hypersensitivity problems

Birth Defects and Subsequent Generational Stigmas

The finding of cumulative aspartame metabolites in DNA clearly has profound implications. I have described severe problems in the fetus or the infants of parents including father who consumed much aspartame at the time of conception and/or during pregnancy.

Epidemiological studies will be necessary to corroborate the role of aspartame consumption in medical, neurological, metabolic, immune and neoplastic disorders involving subsequent generations.

The Urgent Need for Action

It is clear to all who have studied the matter that the initial approval of aspartame by the FDA in 1981 in the face of severe objections from its in-house scientists, consultants for the General Accounting Office, and even a Public Board of Inquiry was an erroneous political decision. This opinion is supported by considerable clinical experience, an increasing number of credible scientific studies, and demographic evidence relating to the contributory role of aspartame sodas and other products in the dramatic increase of obesity, diabetes, attention deficit disorder, brain tumors and other malignancies in children.

In the light of this information, it is incumbent upon governmental agencies and consumers to severely curtail or stop the use of ALL aspartame products including vitamins, drugs and supplements. This also applies to a number of derivatives of aspartame and other chemicals that have not been evaluated by corporate-neutral investigators over sufficient periods of time using real-world products. Failure to do so invites the tragedy of a human "silent spring."

By Dr. H. J. Roberts, MD, FACP, FCCP Director - Palm Beach Institute For Medical Research, Inc
PO Box 17799
West Palm Beach, Florida 33416
561 588-7628
Fax 561 547 8008


Roberts, H. J.: Neurologic, psychiatric and behavioral reactions to aspartame in 505 aspartame reactors. In Proceedings of the First International Conference on Dietary Phenylalanine and Brain Function edited by R. J. Wurtman and E. Ritter-Walker, Washington, D.C., May 8-10, 1987, pp. 477-481

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame (NutraSweet) associated confusion and memory loss: A Possible human model for early Alzheimer,s disease. Abstract 306. Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Boston, February 13, 1988.

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame (NutraSweet) associated epilepsy. Clinical Research 1988; 36:349A. Roberts, H. J.: Complications associated with aspartame (NutraSweet) in diabetics. Clinical Research 1988:3:489A

Roberts, H .J.: The Aspartame Problem. Statement for Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate, Hearing on "NutraSweet" Health and Safety Concerns, November 3, 1987, 83-178, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, 1988, pp. 466-467

Roberts, H. J.: Reactions attributed to aspartame-containing products: 551 cases, Journal of Applied Nutrition 1988; 40:85-94

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame (NutraSweet): Is It Safe? Philadelphia, The Charles Press, 1989

Roberts, H. J.: Does aspartame cause human brain cancer? Journal of Advancement in Medicine 1991: 4 (Winter):231-241

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame-associated confusion and memory loss. Townsend Letter for Doctors 1991:June:442-443.

Roberts, H. J.: Myasthenia gravis associated with aspartame use. Townsend Letter for Doctors 1991;August/September:699-700.

Roberts, H. J.: Joint pain associated with aspartame use. Townsend Letter for Doctors 1991;May:375-376.

Roberts, H.J.: Sweet,ner Dearest: Bittersweet Vignettes About Aspartame (NutraSweet) West Palm Beach, Sunshine Sentinel Press, Inc. 1992.

Roberts, H.J.: Unexplained headaches and seizures. Townsend Letter for Doctors, 1992: 1001-1002. Roberts, H.J.: Safety of aspartame (Letter) Townsend Letter for Doctors 1992: November:977-978.

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame: Is it safe? Interview with H. J. Roberts, M.D., Mastering Food Allergies 1992: 7 (#1), 3-6.

Roberts, H. J.: Testimony: Analysis of Adverse Reactions to Monosodium Glutamate. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, Bethesda, April 8, 1993.

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame (NutraSweet) NOHA News 1993; Winter:5-6.

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame-associated dry mouth (xerostomia). Townsend Letter for Doctors 1993; February/March:201-202.

Roberts, H. J.: "Dry eyes" from use of aspartame (NutraSweet). Townsend Letter for Doctors 1994;January:82-83.

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame as a cause for diarrhea in diabetics. Townsend Letter for Doctors 1994; June:623-624.

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame and headache. Neurology 1995; 45:1631-1633.

Roberts, H. J.: Defense Against Alzheimer's Disease: A Rational Blueprint for - Prevention. West Palm Beach, Sunshine Sentinel Press. 1995.

Roberts, H. J.: Lactose Intolerance. (Letter) New England Journal of Medicine 1995; 333:1359

Roberts, H. J.: Memory loss and aspartame. Townsend Letter for Doctors 1995; August/September:99-100

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame as a cause of allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. Archives of Internal Medicine. 1996; 156:1027

Roberts, H. J.: Critique of the Official Australia and New Zealand Food Authority (ANZFA) Position on Aspartame. Soil & Health 1997; July/September:15.

Roberts, H .J.: Preclinical Alzheimer,s disease (Letter) Neurology 1997; 48-549-55.

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame effects during pregnancy and childhood. (Letter) Latitudes 1997; 3 (Number 1):3

Roberts, H. J.: "Dry eyes" from use of aspartame. Associated insights concerning the Sjogren syndrome. Focus (Information Forum For Retinal Degenerative Disorders) 1998: Volume 3 (No. 3):16-17.

Roberts, H. J.: Submission to FDA regarding Docket No. 981F-0052 (Food Additive Petition for Neotame), March 3, 1998.

Roberts, H. J.: What's blinding the world? Focus (Information Forum for Retinal Degenerative Disorders) 1998; Volume 3 (No. 3): 15-16

Roberts, H. J.: Ignored Health Hazards for Pilots and Drivers: The A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H File West Palm Beach, Sunshine Sentinel Press, 1998.

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame toxicity denied Dr. Roberts responds. Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients 1998; April:110-113.

Roberts, H. J.: The CACOF Conspiracy: Lessons of the New The CACOF Conspiracy: - Lessons of the New Millennium. West Palm Beach, Sunshine Sentinel Press, 1998.

Roberts, H. J.: Unrecognized aspartame disease in silicone breast implant patients. Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients 1998; May:74-75.

Roberts, H. J.: Unrecognized Aspartame Disease in Silicone Breast Implant Patients. Solicited Statement for the Committee on the Safety of Silicone Breast Implants, Institute for Medicine, Washington, D.C. Submitted on June 4, 1998.

Roberts, H. J.: Breast Implants or Aspartame (NutraSweet) Disease? The Suppressed Opinion About a Perceived Medicolegal Travesty. West Palm Beach, Sunshine Sentinel Press, 1999.

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame (NutraSweet) addiction. Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients 2000; January (#198): 52-57.

Roberts, H. J.: Carpal tunnel syndrome due to aspartame disease. Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients 2000; November: 82-84.

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame Disease: An Ignored Epidemic, West Palm Beach, Sunshine Sentinel Press, 2001.

Roberts, H.J.: Response to the assessment by the Alzheimer's Association concerning Research and prevention of Alzheimer's disease. Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients 2001; May:111-112.

Roberts, H .J.: The labeling minefield, with emphasis on aspartame. Nutrition Health Review 2001; #80:6.

Roberts, H. J.: Reply and commentary to the NutraSweet Company's senior medical Consultant. Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients 2001; October:93-95.

Roberts, H. J.: Pseudotumor cerebri due to aspartame disease. Townsend Letter For Doctors & Patients 2002;June:66-68.

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame-induced dyspnea and pulmonary hypertension. Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients 2003; January:6465.

Roberts, H .J.: Useful Insights for Diagnosis Treatment and Public Health. West Palm Beach, Palm Beach Institute for Medical Research, 2002.

Roberts, H. J.: The trouble with sweeteners. Nutrition Health Review 2003; July (#85): 3-6.

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame disease: A possible cause for concomitant Graves disease and Pulmonary hypertension. Texas Heart Institute Journal. 2004; 31:105

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame-induced arrhythmias and sudden death. Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients 2004; May:121.

Roberts, H. J.: The potential hazard of aspartame absorption from within the mouth. Townsend Letter for Doctors & Patients 2004; July:100.

Roberts, H. J.: Aspartame Disease: An Ignored Epidemic. 3 cassette audio set. (ISBN - 1-884243-207). West Palm Beach, Sunshine Sentinel Press, 2005.

Roberts, H. J.: Mommylinks to Health: Aspartame (NutraSweet) Disease. CD (1-884243-134) West Palm Beach, Sunshine Sentinel Press, 2005.

Dr. Roberts can be seen in the aspartame documentary: Sweet Misery: A Poisoned World, or Barnes & Noble. He is an internationally known medical consultant and researcher. He is listed in Who's Who in America, Who's Who in The World, Who's Who in Science and Engineering, and The Best Doctors in the U.S. He has been knighted by the Order of St. George for his humanitarianism.
The publisher's web site is
or 1 800 827 7991.
Many of the reports in his references can be read on and

Dr. Betty Martini, D.Hum, Founder Mission Possible International 9270 River Club Parkway Duluth, Georgia 30097 770 242-2599

"Ye shall know them by their fruits"
~ Matthew 7:16

"Believe nothing. No matter where you read it, or who said it, even if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense."
~ Buddha
PMEmail PosterUsers WebsiteAOL

Master Of His Domain
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Member No.: 8

Posted: Mar 31 2006, 09:09 PM
Quote Post
Biggest Euro Aspartame Producer To Quit Production
From Dr. Betty Martini, D.Hum
With all the excuses of Holland Sweetener, obviously the handwriting is on the wall. With the impeccable Ramazzini Study in Italy showing aspartame to be a multipotential carcinogen, peer reviewed by 7 world experts, the studies by the original manufacturer, Searle, which also showed cancer, have been confirmed.
For years FDA and the manufacturers have tried to prevent independent studies, and Gregory Gordon who did the original UPI Investigation once wrote an article on this. and
And the studies keep coming.
One in Greece shows neurological problems and memory loss. Bottom line Alzheimers.
Another in Liverpool shows aspartame interaction:
Actually aspartame interacts with all drugs and vaccines:
Dr. Ralph Walton's research showed 92% of all independent peer reviewed studies show the problems aspartame causes:
Now the FDA is obligated to recall aspartame and invoke the Delaney Amendment which says if a product produces cancer in animals it cannot be put in food. Their own FDA toxicologist, Dr. Adrian Gross told Congress this should have been done in the beginning.
Aspartame should never have been approved, and how Don Rumsfeld got it approved when the FDA said no is told by James Turner, Atty, in the aspartame documentary, Sweet Misery: A Poisoned World, or Barnes & Noble. Here is the clip:
My favorite quote: Teamwork is the fuel that allows common people to produce uncommon results.
One thing the aspartame manufacturers bottomless checkbook can't stop is consumer power in action. We certainly have reached critical mass with great exponentiation thanks to the great work of Mission Possible activists, and victims the world over, and the media who have helped us get the world out for years.
So many organizations have published on aspartame toxicity, and thanks also to the attorneys like James Turner, Stevan Looney and others who have helped us. We are now taking aspartame brain tumor cases for attorneys in New York and we hope this will finally remove aspartame from the marketplace. We are starting with New York and New Jersey. And, of course, our heroes - the world experts, the physicians who have provided the facts - allowing us as messengers to bring the truth to the people.
And thank you, Mark Gold, Aspartame Toxicity Center,

There are many others in the fight that publish our material and help and their efforts are part of the exponentiation of aspartame toxicity awareness. This includes the webmasters who host the information to the public.
Special thanks to Ed Gunneweg, Mission Possible Holland, who has worked so hard for so many years, as well as to Christiane Martens, UN Observer, publishing in Holland and the world.
We thank Roger Williams a member of Parliament in England who has called for a ban, Stephen Fox in New Mexico and Robin Goodwin, demanding a ban in the Falkland Islands. And all Mission Possible activists lined up to demand bans in other states and countries.
This would be a happy day for Dave Rietz, Mission Possible South Carolina, who lost his life to aspartame. He created to alert the world. It will always remain as a memorial to his name. We will never forget him.
The first domino has fallen. Let's keep on working team and get this toxin off the market for it has truly poisoned the world. Stephen Fox and myself have asked that the doors of Ajinomoto, aspartame manufacturer, to be shut down as well.
Dr. Betty Martini, D.Hum, Founder Mission Possible International 9270 River Club Parkway Duluth, Georgia 30097 770 242-2599 (aspartame information list on banner)

Holland Sweetener Company To Exit From Aspartame Business

Holland Sweetener Company VoF (HSC) has today announced its decision to withdraw from the aspartame business, including Twinsweet.

HSC is a 50/50 joint venture between Royal DSM N.V. (the Netherlands) and Tosoh Corporation (Japan). The company will terminate its activities at the end of 2006 and as a consequence will discontinue the production of aspartame in the fourth quarter of 2006.

The global aspartame markets are facing structural oversupply, which has caused worldwide strong price erosion over the last 5 years. This has resulted in a persistently unprofitable business position for HSC. No significant improvements are expected in the near or foreseeable future. The decision to withdraw from this business is in line with DSM's Vision 2010 - Building on Strengths strategy, in which profitable innovative growth and value creation are key objectives.

The termination of HSC's business operations will affect around 100 jobs on the site in Geleen (the Netherlands). DSM expects to be able to re-assign the majority of these people to other positions. The social plan of DSM Limburg is applicable.

DSM does not expect the decision to have a material impact on its overall corporate financial performance in 2006. In Q1 2006 DSM will - in relation to this decision- record an exceptional item of approximately EUR 10 million net.

About DSM DSM is active worldwide in nutritional and pharma ingredients, performance materials and industrial chemicals. The company creates innovative products and services that help improve the quality of life. DSM's products are used in a wide range of end markets and applications such as human and animal nutrition and health, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, automotive and transport, coatings, housing and electrics & electronics (E&E). DSM's strategy, named Vision 2010 - Building on Strengths, focuses on accelerating profitable and innovative growth of the company's specialties portfolio.

Market-driven growth, innovation and increased presence in emerging economies are key drivers of this strategy. The group has annual sales of over EUR 8 billion and employs some 22,000 people worldwide. DSM ranks among the global leaders in many of its fields. The company is headquartered in the Netherlands, with locations in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Americas. More information about DSM can be found at

About Holland Sweetener Company Holland Sweetener Company (HSC) is a 50/50 joint venture between DSM (the Netherlands) and Tosoh (Japan) established in 1985. A unique aspartame process was developed using technology from both parents. In 1988, the first aspartame production unit was started up in the Netherlands, with subsequent expansions making HSC the largest aspartame producer in Europe. HSC supplies customers all over the world from its plant in the Netherlands via a global network of sales offices, agents and distributors.

Twinsweet™ was discovered in 1995 as part of a research program to develop aspartame-based new sweetener concepts for the food and nutraceutical industries. HSC has filed several patents on the Twinsweet™ product, the production process and the use of the product. More information about HSC can be found at

For more information:

DSM Corporate Communications DSM Investor Relations Nelleke Barning Dries Ausems tel. +31 (0) 45 tel. +31 (0) 45 5782864 5782017 fax +31 (0) 45 5782595 fax +31 (0) 45 e-mail 5740680

"Ye shall know them by their fruits"
~ Matthew 7:16

"Believe nothing. No matter where you read it, or who said it, even if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense."
~ Buddha
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Posted: Jun 29 2006, 06:14 PM
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Stevia is just as effective a sweetner as Splenda, etc, but it is natural (from birch bark or something like that) and it doesnt cost that much -- you can get a box of 150 packets for , like, $7.99 at Vitamin World.

Raw Agave Nectar is also great for diabetics and tastes great drizzled over fruit salads, etc.

Xylotol is another natural sweetner-- I get a l lb bag for $3.99 from NOW foods

Xylotol has been found to eliminate tooth decay and reverse cavities, as well as kill bad bacteria and viruses and cutting colds and flus in half.

Agave Nectar has beneficial enzymes that boost good digestive bacteria in the digestive tract.

Stevia also has some good health qualities- one is that it fights constipation.

These three alternative non chemical sweetners are all low-glycemic , just as powerful as Aspartame. etc., and yet have no toxic side effects as the synthetic sweetners.

Be wary of anything synthetic because is practically always toxic- no matter what it is when big business and Pharma get thier hands on it.


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Posted: Jul 7 2006, 01:18 PM
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I guess it's up to us to reject the consumption of THEIR poisons if THEY won't protect us.

NM Environmental Board Nixes Petition To Ban Aspartame
By Diana Heil
The New Mexican
To some, Santa Fe gallery owner Stephen Fox would have been a hero if he succeeded in getting all foods and medicines containing aspartame banned permanently from New Mexico.

Given the corporate heavyweights that came out to fight this battle, including beverage companies and the sweetener's manufacturer, Fox would have accomplished quite a feat.

Sold under the brand names of NutraSweet and Equal, aspartame was approved as a food additive in 1981 and is found in thousands of products, including diet sodas. Naysayers across the nation, with a strong presence on the Internet, call it a poison that can harm human health.

On Thursday, the state Environmental Improvement Board unanimously shot down Fox's petition to outlaw aspartame. "In light of our attorney's advice and as the petition is currently written, a citizens board is not the appropriate venue to take on an aspartame ban," said Gay Dillingham, head of the seven-member board.

Dr. Ken Stoller, a Santa Fe pediatrician, lamented the outcome: "Today, the EIB, succumbing to pressure from Ajinomoto (the world's largest aspartame manufacturer), decided not to hold a hearing on aspartame even though they had twice previously voted to hold this hearing. ... The poisoning continues."

Earlier this year, Fox tried to convince state lawmakers to prohibit the sale of aspartame products indefinitely, but the bill was tabled.

Now, Dillingham said, Fox still has the right to revise his petition and try again with the Environmental Improvement Board.

"I'm not going to repetition the EIB. The first petition was perfect," Fox said. "The (corporations) abnegated the regulatory powers in New Mexico to protect food products. What a loss for New Mexico."

In May, the board offered Fox the opportunity to change the way he wrote his petition and outlined options that would not require statewide labeling or bans, but Fox refused.

One option would have been for the EIB to hold hearings to review a reasonable amount of scientific evidence and then petition the U.S. Food and Drug Administration if the findings raised concerns.

In a tie vote Thursday, the EIB decided not to make public the attorney's letter that outlined the pros and cons of seven options, which had been summarized in an open meeting.

"There's really nothing that's not in the (May) meeting minutes," said Dillingham, who voted to make the attorney's letter public.

Fox took on the aspartame industry because of moral concerns: "I don't think that multinational corporate powers should be able to poison people."

Originally, the EIB had scheduled hearings on Fox's petition for this July. However, after gathering legal advice on whether states have the authority to override the FDA as well as interstate-commerce laws, the board took another approach.

"We are concerned about the issue," Dillingham said, noting that she personally is troubled when she sees signs that politics might be "eclipsing" science at the FDA.

More than 100 toxicological and clinical studies regarding the sweetener's safety have been conducted so far. The FDA is reviewing a recent controversial Italian study, which linked cancer in rats to aspartame. Meanwhile, the European Food Safety Authority found holes in the Italian study and continues to call aspartame safe.

Aspartame, one of five approved artificial sweeteners in the U.S., is widely consumed by diabetics and dieters. Ruth Kava, a nutritionist with the American Council on Science and Health, which receives corporate funding, said it's a good alternative to sugar for everyone except those with the genetic disorder phenylketonuriais a genetic disorder, which is characterized by an inability of the body to use an important amino acid.

"I don't understand why people are getting so fearful of products that really have no dangerous health effects whatsoever," she said in an interview Thursday.

Kava said consumers get confused by the methanol ingredient in aspartame, but must remember that only in large doses is methanol toxic. The amount of methanol in aspartame-sweetened foods and beverages is well below the levels that cause any harm, she co-wrote in a recent article reviewing all artificial sweeteners.

"Many people do not realize that methanol is a common constituent of foods and beverages and that people routinely consume small amounts of it without ill effect," the article in the journal Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety says. "Methanol is found in many fruits and vegetables."

Contact Diana Heil at 986-3066 or

"Ye shall know them by their fruits"
~ Matthew 7:16

"Believe nothing. No matter where you read it, or who said it, even if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense."
~ Buddha
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Posted: Jul 13 2006, 01:25 AM
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I didn't realize that China was such a big supplier of Aspartame; exporting 19,300 tons in 2005.

China To Restrict Aspartame Production And Sale
Food Ingredients
State-designated aspartame producers shall in principle shift production to other products when moving to a new place, according to the circular.

By controlling production and banning the launch of new projects, China will exert more efforts to restrict the production and sale of aspartame, press reports said.

A circular issued by The National Development and Reform Commission (NDR), the State Administration for Industry and Commerce and the State Environmental Protection Administration highlighted their further strengthening of China's work on restricting the sale and production of the widely-used sweetener.

State-designated aspartame producers shall in principle shift production to other products when moving to a new place, according to the circular. In addition, their reconstruction will not exceed the state designated one, if they decide to pursue their aspartame operations.

Presently, China has five designated aspartame manufacturers namely: Suzhou Fine Chemicals, Tianjin Northern Foodstuffs, Tianjin Changjie Chemical, Kaifeng Xinghua Chemical and Shanghai Fuxing Chemical, press reports said.

Reports concluded that the total aspartame production from the five producers was recorded at 22,850 tons in 2005, of which 19,300 tons was exported.

"Ye shall know them by their fruits"
~ Matthew 7:16

"Believe nothing. No matter where you read it, or who said it, even if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense."
~ Buddha
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Posted: Jul 13 2006, 03:53 AM
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Hi Pupp ...
Just posting this article and link about STEVIA to clear up any questions
or misconceptions ..

(Its not from birchbark.. but is a plant native to Paraguay)

From "The Stevia Story: A tale of incredible sweetness & intrigue." 
Copyright, 2000 by Donna Gates

Botanical Name: Stevia rebaudiana 
Body Ecology is dedicated to providing you with the essential information you need to take charge of your own health and well being -- including keeping you apprised of where to obtain the highest quality products to go along with the Body Ecology Diet (BED) system of healing.  BED's titles include The Magic of Kefir, The Stevia Story, and our landmark book, Donna Gates' Body Ecology Diet, considered 'must' reading for anyone who wants to improve his or her immune system.

For more information on the Body Ecology system, please visit our BED home page at You will also find products there that accompany the BED diet, including organic, unrefined oils, probiotics and dietary supplements.

High-quality, great-tasting stevia dietary supplements can also be found at this site by going to our order page. If you've ever tasted stevia, you know it's extremely sweet. In fact, this remarkable noncaloric herb, native to Paraguay, has been used as a sweetener and flavor enhancer for centuries. But this innocuous-looking plant has also been a focal point of intrigue in the United States in recent years because of actions by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

The subject of searches and seizures, trade complaints and embargoes on importation, stevia has been handled at times by the FDA as if it were an illegal drug.

Since the passage of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA), stevia can be sold legally in the United States, but only as a "dietary supplement." Even so, it can be found in many forms in most health-food stores, and is also incorporated into drinks, teas and other items (all labeled as "dietary supplements"). It cannot, however, be called a "sweetener" or even referred to as "sweet." To do so would render the product "adulterated," according to the FDA, and make it again subject to seizure.

The purpose of our Web site is to provide as much information about stevia as possible, from the scientific studies regarding its safety to the petitions submitted by the Lipton Tea Company and the American Herbal Products Association. will be an ongoing project for us at Body Ecology, so check back often, as we will be augmenting and updating this information frequently.

History of Use

"Will sugar always be more advantageous than Kaa-he-e? We cannot suppose this. The superiority of sugar as an energetic food will not be contested, but this does not stop our plant from being stronger as a sweetener."
Kaa-he-e, Its Nature and Its Properties, by Dr. Moises N. Bertoni, Paraguayan Scientific Analysis, December 1905

A Powerfully Sweet Native Tradition
The Guarani Indians had known for centuries about the unique advantages of kaa he-he (a native term which translates as "sweet herb") -- long before the invaders from the Old World were lured by the treasures of the New. These native people knew the leaves of the wild stevia shrub (a perennial indigenous to the Amambay Mountain region) to have a sweetening power unlike anything else; they commonly used the leaves to enhance the taste of bitter mate (a tea-like beverage) and medicinal potions, or simply chewed them for their sweet taste. The widespread native use of stevia was chronicled by the Spaniards in historical documents preserved in the Paraguayan National Archives in Asuncion. Historians noted that indigenous peoples had been sweetening herbal teas with stevia leaves "since ancient times." In due course, it was introduced to settlers. By the 1800s, daily stevia consumption had become well entrenched throughout the region -- not just in Paraguay, but also in neighboring Brazil and Argentina.

Like the discovery of America itself, however, credit for stevia's "discovery" goes to an Italian. In this case, the explorer was a botanist whose initial unfamiliarity with the region (along with his difficulty in locating the herb) caused him to believe that he had stumbled onto a "little-known" plant.

A New World "Discovery"
Dr. Moises Santiago Bertoni, director of the College of Agriculture in Asuncion, first learned of what he described as "this very strange plant" from Indian guides while exploring Paraguay's eastern forests in 1887. This area was not the herb's native 'growing ground.' Consequently, Bertoni, by his own account, was initially "unable to find it." It was 12 years before he was presented with tangible evidence -- a packet of stevia fragments and broken leaves received from a friend who had gotten them from the mate plantations in the northeast. He subsequently announced his discovery of the "new species" in a botanical journal published in Asuncion.

Bertoni named the "new" variety of the Stevia genus in honor of a Paraguayan chemist named Rebaudi who subsequently became the first to extract the plant's sweet constituent. "In placing in the mouth the smallest particle of any portion of the leaf or twig," Bertoni wrote, "one is surprised at the strange and extreme sweetness contained therein. A fragment of the leaf only a few square millimeters in size suffices to keep the mouth sweet for an hour; a few small leaves are sufficient to sweeten a strong cup of coffee or tea."

It wasn't until 1903, however, that Bertoni discovered the live plant, a gift from the parish priest of Villa San Pedro. The following year, as he recounted, "the appearance of the first flowers enabled me to make a complete study" -- the publication of which appeared in December, 1905, after an interruption caused by a civil war. What he found was enough to convince him that "the sweetening power of kaa he-e is so superior to sugar that there is no need to wait for the results of analyses and cultures to affirm its economic advantage...the simplest test proves it."

By 1913, Bertoni's earlier impression of what had now been dubbed Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni had undergone a change. What he had previously referred to as a "rare" and "little-known" plant had now become "famous" and "well-known." The botanist's initial misperception is explained by the Herb Research Foundation as being akin to that of a foreigner trying to find wild ginseng in the U.S., and coming to the erroneous conclusion that it is a rare plant when, in fact, it is widely prevalent -- provided you know where to look. Further complicating the picture was the difficulty of traveling within Paraguay during the late 1800s, entailing "an upriver journey of many days by steamship."

Raising Stevia -- and the Stakes
Bertoni's "discover" was a turning point for stevia in one very real sense (other than being identified, analyzed and given a name). Whereas prior to 1900 it had grown only in the wild, with consumption limited to those having access to its natural habitat, it now became ripe for cultivation. In 1908, a ton of dried leaves was harvested, the very first stevia crop. Before long, stevia plantations began springing up, a development that corresponded with a marked reduction in the plant's natural growth area due to the clearing of forests by timber interests and, to an extent, the removal of thousands of stevia plants for transplantation (the growing of stevia from seed simply doesn't work). Consequently, its use began to increase dramatically, both in and beyond Latin America.

As word of this unique sweet herb began to spread, so, too, did interest in its potential as a marketable commodity. That, in turn, raised concerns within the business community. Stevia was first brought to the attention of the U.S. government in 1918 by a botanist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture who said he had learned about stevia while drinking mate and tasted it years later, finding it to have a "remarkable sweetness."

Three years later, stevia was presented to the USDA by American Trade Commissioner George S. Brady as a "new sugar plant with great commercial possibilities." Brady took note of its nontoxicity and its ability to be used in its natural state, with only drying and grinding required. He also conveyed the claims that it was "an ideal and safe sugar for diabetics." In a memo to the Latin American Division of the USDA, Brady further stated that he was "desirous of seeing it placed before any American companies liable to be interested, as it is very probable that it will be of great commercial importance."

Stevia's commercial potential, however, was already known to others who were less than happy about it. In 1913, a report from the official public laboratory of Hamburg, Germany, noted that "specimens received are of the well-known plant which alarmed sugar producers some years ago."

Rediscovered in Japan
While nothing came of this early show of interest in the United States, an event occurred in France in 1931 that would later prove significant. There, two chemists isolated the most prevalent of several compounds that give the stevia leaf its sweet taste, a pure white crystalline extract they named stevioside. One U.S. government researcher, Dr. Hewitt G. Fletcher, described this extract as "the sweetest natural product yet found," though adding, "It is natural to ask, 'of what use is stevioside?' The answer at this point is 'none.'"

Within the next couple of decades, however, the enterprising Japanese had discovered just how useful stevioside really was. The Japanese either banned or strictly regulated artificial sweeteners during the 1960s, consistent with a popular movement away from allowing chemicals in the food supply. They soon discovered the ideal replacement for both sugar and its synthetic substitutes: refined stevia extracts.

Originally introduced to Japan in 1970 by a consortium of food-product manufacturers, stevioside and other stevia products quickly caught on. By 1988, they reportedly represented approximately 41% of the market share of potently sweet substances consumed in Japan. In addition to widespread use as a tabletop sweetener, like the packets of saccharin ("Sweet-n-Low") and aspartame ("Equal") commonly found in the United States, stevia was also used by the Japanese to sweeten a variety of food products, including ice cream, bread, candies, pickles, seafood, vegetables, and soft drinks.

In addition to demonstrating stevia's nearly instant popularity in locales far removed from its native habitat, Japan's experience proved several other significant facts about this phenomenal plant: its adaptability and its safety. Adaptability was proven through the discovery that the plant could be grown throughout most of this temperate island nation, albeit under special hothouse conditions. Studies were even initiated to evaluate the substitution of stevia for rice under cultivation in some areas. Stevia's safety was proven through extensive scientific testing.

The spread of the stevia phenomenon was not limited to Japan. Today it is also grown and used in approximately 10 other countries outside South America, including China, Germany, Malaysia, Israel and South Korea. Stevia might by now be entrenched in the United States as well, had it not been for a concerted effort to block its very entry.

Hope this helps ...
Best wishes ..

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Posted: Jul 13 2006, 01:35 PM
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Thanks Noddy!

Apparently Japan and China both use Stevia.

In Japan, companies like Sunkist and Nestlé use stevia as a sweetener. Coca-Cola uses stevia in Japan for its Diet Coke, as the herb is non-caloric. [...]

China has been using stevia since 1985.

I wonder if Japan exports as much Aspartame as China does?

"Ye shall know them by their fruits"
~ Matthew 7:16

"Believe nothing. No matter where you read it, or who said it, even if I have said it, unless it agrees with your own reason and your own common sense."
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Posted: Jul 13 2006, 04:32 PM
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Hey Pupp ..

THANKS for fixing up the article !!!
and my spelling mistakes in the headers .. heh hugs.gif

there was also a spelling mistake in the article header for mercury on your mind ... arrghhh ..

Peace, love, and mungbeans ..

This post has been edited by Nodstar on Jul 13 2006, 04:32 PM

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